[Syrphidae] temperature thresholds

Pierre MILLE mille_pierre at yahoo.fr
Tue Jul 6 17:04:33 BST 2010

Hello Francis,

I'll probably look a bit stupid but I find that it is possible to raise hoverflies. I am a modest beginning in the study of this group. I have some questions 1) what is the genus are more difficult than others to raise and is what some are impossible to raise ? 
2) What equipment do I need ? 
Best wishes 

Pierre MILLE 
3 avenue des buttes blanches
95220 Herblay - France


--- En date de : Lun 5.7.10, Francis Gilbert <Francis.Gilbert at nottingham.ac.uk> a écrit :

De: Francis Gilbert <Francis.Gilbert at nottingham.ac.uk>
Objet: [Syrphidae] temperature thresholds
À: "Hoverfly discussion list" <syrphidae at lists.nottingham.ac.uk>, mike.bowie at lincoln.ac.nz
Date: Lundi 5 juillet 2010, 21h55

Hi Mike

Here are the studies of the temperature effects on development that I know of. They include some that estimate the developmental threshold. Let me know if you need pdfs of any of them:

Heal JR (1989a) Variation and seasonal changes in hoverfly species: interactions between temperature, age and genotype. Biol J Linn Soc 36: 251-269

Kendall DA (1985) Rearing and use of <Eristalis>. unpublished ms

Ottenheim MM (1997) The evolution and function of phenotypic plasticity of <Eristalis> hoverflies. PhD Thesis, University of Leiden, the Netherlands

Collier RH & Finch S (1992) The effects of temperature on development of the large narcissus fly (<Merodon equestris>). Ann Appl Biol 120(3): 383-390

Zabirov ShM (1963) [ On the ecology of the onion-bulb fly, <Eumerus strigatus> Fall. (Diptera, Syrphidae) ]. K ekologii lykovoi zhurchalki <Eumerus strigatus> Fall. (Diptera, Syrphidae). Ent Obozr 42: 736-743

Deeb MA El (1976) Ecological and biological studies on <Eumerus amoenus> Loew and its control. MSc Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt

Gendy RH (1978) Biological studies on certain onion flies and their control. MSc Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Ein-Shams Univ, Egypt


Dusek J & Laska P (1974b) Influence of temperature during pupal development on the colour of syrphid adults (Syrphidae, Diptera). Folia Fac Sci Nat Univ Purkynianae Brunensis, Biol. 15: 77-81

Karelin VD & Bradovskaya NP (1974) [ Effects of permanent temperature and humidity on the development of the preimaginal stages of <Scaeva (Lasiophthicus) pyrastri> L. (Diptera - Syrphidae) ]. Vliyaniye postoyannoi temperaturui i vlazhnosti na razvitiyepreimaginalnuikh stadii <Scaeva (Lasiophthicus) pyrastri> L. (Diptera - Syrphidae). pp 31-34 in Entomophags, phytophags and microorganisms in plant protection. AA Kuzin (ed), Stiinca, Kishinev. 88 pp

Rabbinge R, Ankersmit GW & Pak GA (1979) Epidemiology and simulation of population development of <Sitobion avenae> in winter wheat. Neth J Plant Path 85: 197-220

Adams THL, Chambers RJ & Dixon AFG (1987) Quantification of the impact of hoverflies on cereal aphids in winter wheat - laboratory rates of kill. Ent Exp & Appl 43: 153-157

Chambers RJ (1986) Preliminary experiments on the potential of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) for the control of aphids under glass. Entomophaga 31: 197-204

Ankersmit GW, Dijkman H, Keuning NJ, Mertens H, Sins A & Tacoma H (1986) <Episyrphus balteatus> as a predator of the aphid <Sitobion avenae> on winter wheat. Ent Exp & Appl 42: 271-277

Saidov AKh (1974) [ The effect of various factors on the growth and development of syrphid larvae ]. Vliyaniye razlichnuikh faktorov na rost i razvitiye lichinok sirfid. Uzbekskii Biol Zh 1974(1): 47-49

Tenhumberg B & Poehling H-M (1992a) [ Laboratory studies on estimating the potential predatory efficiency of <Episyrphus balteatus> (Diptera: Syrphidae) ]. Laboruntersuchungen zur Abschätzung der potentiellen Prädationsleistung von <Episyrphus balteatus> (Diptera: Syrphidae). Mitt Biol Bund Land- Forstw, Berlin-Dahlem 283-373    

Soleyman-Nezhadiyan E & Laughlin R (1998) Voracity of larvae, rate of development in eggs, larvae and pupae, and flight seasons of adults of the hoverflies <Melangyna viridiceps> Macquart and <Simosyrphus grandicornis> Macquart (Diptera: Syrphidae). Austr J Ent 37(3): 243-248

Geusen-Pfister H (1987) [ Studies on the biology and reproductive capacity of <Episyrphus balteatus> Deg. (Diptera: Syrphidae) under greenhouse conditions ]. Untersuchungen zur Biologie und zum Reproduktionsvermögen von <Episyrphus balteatus> Deg. (Dipt., Syrphidae) unter Gewächshausbedingungen. J Appl Ent 104: 261-270

Medvey M (1988) On the rearing of <Episyrphus balteatus> (DeG) (Diptera: Syrphidae) in the laboratory. pp 61-63 in Ecology and effectiveness of aphidophaga E Niemczyk & AFG Dixon (eds), SPB Academia Publishing, the Hague, Netherlands

He Jilong, Sun Xingquan, Gui Longme & Ye Wenjuan (1990) [ A preliminary study of the bionomics of a flower fly, <Eupeodes corollae> (Fabricius) (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Shanghai ]. J Shanghai Agric College 8: 221-228

He Jilong, Sun X, Ye W, Shen L, Cai Y & Li Z (1992) [ Preliminary studies on the bionomics of <Episyrphus balteatus> (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Shanghai ]. J Shanghai Agric College 10(1): 35-43

Hart AJ, Bale JS & Fenlon JS (1997) Developmental threshold, day-degree requirements and voltinism of the aphid predator <Episyrphus balteatus> (Diptera: Syrphidae). Ann Appl Biol 130(3): 427-437

Best wishes


Dr Francis Gilbert
website: www.nottingham.ac.uk/~plzfg
BioMAP: www.biomapegypt.org

-----Original Message-----
From: syrphidae-bounces at lists.nottingham.ac.uk [mailto:syrphidae-bounces at lists.nottingham.ac.uk] On Behalf Of Francis Gilbert
Sent: 02 July 2010 09:24
To: Hoverfly discussion list
Subject: [Syrphidae] from Mike Bowie

Hi Folks
can anybody help with temperature threshold info for syphids to allow
day-degrees to be to used to model development time of Eristalis,
Melanostoma and Melangyna species?
Your help would be much appreciated.

Mike Bowie
Senior Technical Officer in Ecology

Burns B516
P O Box 84
Lincoln University 7647
Christchurch, New Zealand

p +64 3 3218388 | f +64 3 3253844
e mike.bowie at lincoln.ac.nz | w www.lincoln.ac.nz

Lincoln University, Te Whare Wanaka o Aoraki
New Zealand's Specialist Land Based University

Dr Francis Gilbert
(+44)(0)115 951 3215
BioMAP: www.biomapegypt.org

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