[Syrphidae] Jennifer Owen = Ecology of a garden, update

Luciane Marinoni lmarinoni at ufpr.br
Mon Jul 12 13:40:53 BST 2010

Dear Coleagues,

It is very said to me to notice that Professor Doutor Padre Jesus Santiago Moure passed away on last saturday, 10th of July. Padre Moure was one of the most important entomologists in Brazil. 
Father Jesus S. Moure founded the Zoology Department of the Federal University of Paraná in 1938, the same year as that of the Faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letters. Despite being an entomologist, Father Moure initiated the Marine Biology Program in 1951, in which he helped create the Marine Studies Field Station. Beginning with his work in Insecta and Hymenoptera, particularly with bees, he started what has become the largest insect collection in Brazil, and that which bears his name: the Father Jesus Santiago Moure Entomological Collection (DZUP). 
He was 97 years old.

Luciane Marinoni

----- Original Message ----- 
  From: Chris Thompson 
  To: Hoverfly discussion list 
  Sent: Friday, July 09, 2010 4:48 PM
  Subject: [Syrphidae] Jennifer Owen = Ecology of a garden, update

  Thanks, Francis.

  Could you give us all an update on the status of Jennifer's new book on her garden. When we last met in Serbia, you said you expected it to be published this year.

  I have long awaited this update to see what further observations Jennifer has on flower flies.

  Naturally, as usual I am slow and behind, but we want to eventually publish some local data on urban flower fly diversity for the Washington, DC, USA, area. 



  from home

  From: Francis Gilbert 
  Sent: Tuesday, July 06, 2010 4:38 PM
  To: Hoverfly discussion list 
  Subject: RE: Re : [Syrphidae] temperature thresholds

  hi Pierre


  Nice to hear from you. And it's great that you are rearing hoverflies.


  I am not sure what you mean by 'raise' because there are two ways. By far the easiest is to get eggs from field-collected females, or larvae from the field, and rear them through to adults. 


  A completely different matter is to get reared adults to mate in captivity and then to get a second generation from eggs. Thus many genera are 'difficult' because adults do not mate in captivity, or at least never have when it has been tried. 


  Some species are 'difficult' because the larva has an obligate diapause which must be undergone or broken in order for pupation to take place. Gradually these species have mostly been reared because techniques for keeping the larvae over the winter are reasonably good now. 


  The only equipment for rearing larvae are small dishes and (for predators) available aphids. For getting adults to mate in captivity you need cages of a reasonable size (say, 60 x 60 x 60 cms) and adequate lighting.


  Have you got Graham Rotheray's book on hoverfly larvae? That will give you most if not all of the information you need to rear larvae through to the adults. There is no clear guide to rearing several generations of syrphids, especially non-aphidophagous species, but I can send you some papers if you would like.







  Dr Francis Gilbert

  website: www.nottingham.ac.uk/~plzfg

  BioMAP: www.biomapegypt.org



  From: syrphidae-bounces at lists.nottingham.ac.uk [mailto:syrphidae-bounces at lists.nottingham.ac.uk] On Behalf Of Pierre MILLE
  Sent: 06 July 2010 17:05
  To: Hoverfly discussion list
  Subject: Re : [Syrphidae] temperature thresholds


        Hello Francis,


        I'll probably look a bit stupid but I find that it is possible to raise hoverflies. I am a modest beginning in the study of this group. I have some questions 1) what is the genus are more difficult than others to raise and is what some are impossible to raise ? 


        2) What equipment do I need ? 


        Best wishes 





        Pierre MILLE 

        3 avenue des buttes blanches

        95220 Herblay - France




        --- En date de : Lun 5.7.10, Francis Gilbert <Francis.Gilbert at nottingham.ac.uk> a écrit :

        De: Francis Gilbert <Francis.Gilbert at nottingham.ac.uk>
        Objet: [Syrphidae] temperature thresholds
        À: "Hoverfly discussion list" <syrphidae at lists.nottingham.ac.uk>, mike.bowie at lincoln.ac.nz
        Date: Lundi 5 juillet 2010, 21h55

        Hi Mike

        Here are the studies of the temperature effects on development that I know of. They include some that estimate the developmental threshold. Let me know if you need pdfs of any of them:

        Heal JR (1989a) Variation and seasonal changes in hoverfly species: interactions between temperature, age and genotype. Biol J Linn Soc 36: 251-269

        Kendall DA (1985) Rearing and use of <Eristalis>. unpublished ms

        Ottenheim MM (1997) The evolution and function of phenotypic plasticity of <Eristalis> hoverflies. PhD Thesis, University of Leiden, the Netherlands

        Collier RH & Finch S (1992) The effects of temperature on development of the large narcissus fly (<Merodon equestris>). Ann Appl Biol 120(3): 383-390

        Zabirov ShM (1963) [ On the ecology of the onion-bulb fly, <Eumerus strigatus> Fall. (Diptera, Syrphidae) ]. K ekologii lykovoi zhurchalki <Eumerus strigatus> Fall. (Diptera, Syrphidae). Ent Obozr 42: 736-743

        Deeb MA El (1976) Ecological and biological studies on <Eumerus amoenus> Loew and its control. MSc Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt

        Gendy RH (1978) Biological studies on certain onion flies and their control. MSc Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Ein-Shams Univ, Egypt


        Dusek J & Laska P (1974b) Influence of temperature during pupal development on the colour of syrphid adults (Syrphidae, Diptera). Folia Fac Sci Nat Univ Purkynianae Brunensis, Biol. 15: 77-81

        Karelin VD & Bradovskaya NP (1974) [ Effects of permanent temperature and humidity on the development of the preimaginal stages of <Scaeva (Lasiophthicus) pyrastri> L. (Diptera - Syrphidae) ]. Vliyaniye postoyannoi temperaturui i vlazhnosti na razvitiyepreimaginalnuikh stadii <Scaeva (Lasiophthicus) pyrastri> L. (Diptera - Syrphidae). pp 31-34 in Entomophags, phytophags and microorganisms in plant protection. AA Kuzin (ed), Stiinca, Kishinev. 88 pp

        Rabbinge R, Ankersmit GW & Pak GA (1979) Epidemiology and simulation of population development of <Sitobion avenae> in winter wheat. Neth J Plant Path 85: 197-220

        Adams THL, Chambers RJ & Dixon AFG (1987) Quantification of the impact of hoverflies on cereal aphids in winter wheat - laboratory rates of kill. Ent Exp & Appl 43: 153-157

        Chambers RJ (1986) Preliminary experiments on the potential of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) for the control of aphids under glass. Entomophaga 31: 197-204

        Ankersmit GW, Dijkman H, Keuning NJ, Mertens H, Sins A & Tacoma H (1986) <Episyrphus balteatus> as a predator of the aphid <Sitobion avenae> on winter wheat. Ent Exp & Appl 42: 271-277

        Saidov AKh (1974) [ The effect of various factors on the growth and development of syrphid larvae ]. Vliyaniye razlichnuikh faktorov na rost i razvitiye lichinok sirfid. Uzbekskii Biol Zh 1974(1): 47-49

        Tenhumberg B & Poehling H-M (1992a) [ Laboratory studies on estimating the potential predatory efficiency of <Episyrphus balteatus> (Diptera: Syrphidae) ]. Laboruntersuchungen zur Abschätzung der potentiellen Prädationsleistung von <Episyrphus balteatus> (Diptera: Syrphidae). Mitt Biol Bund Land- Forstw, Berlin-Dahlem 283-373    

        Soleyman-Nezhadiyan E & Laughlin R (1998) Voracity of larvae, rate of development in eggs, larvae and pupae, and flight seasons of adults of the hoverflies <Melangyna viridiceps> Macquart and <Simosyrphus grandicornis> Macquart (Diptera: Syrphidae). Austr J Ent 37(3): 243-248

        Geusen-Pfister H (1987) [ Studies on the biology and reproductive capacity of <Episyrphus balteatus> Deg. (Diptera: Syrphidae) under greenhouse conditions ]. Untersuchungen zur Biologie und zum Reproduktionsvermögen von <Episyrphus balteatus> Deg. (Dipt., Syrphidae) unter Gewächshausbedingungen. J Appl Ent 104: 261-270

        Medvey M (1988) On the rearing of <Episyrphus balteatus> (DeG) (Diptera: Syrphidae) in the laboratory. pp 61-63 in Ecology and effectiveness of aphidophaga E Niemczyk & AFG Dixon (eds), SPB Academia Publishing, the Hague, Netherlands

        He Jilong, Sun Xingquan, Gui Longme & Ye Wenjuan (1990) [ A preliminary study of the bionomics of a flower fly, <Eupeodes corollae> (Fabricius) (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Shanghai ]. J Shanghai Agric College 8: 221-228

        He Jilong, Sun X, Ye W, Shen L, Cai Y & Li Z (1992) [ Preliminary studies on the bionomics of <Episyrphus balteatus> (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Shanghai ]. J Shanghai Agric College 10(1): 35-43

        Hart AJ, Bale JS & Fenlon JS (1997) Developmental threshold, day-degree requirements and voltinism of the aphid predator <Episyrphus balteatus> (Diptera: Syrphidae). Ann Appl Biol 130(3): 427-437

        Best wishes


        Dr Francis Gilbert
        website: www.nottingham.ac.uk/~plzfg
        BioMAP: www.biomapegypt.org

        -----Original Message-----
        From: syrphidae-bounces at lists.nottingham.ac.uk [mailto:syrphidae-bounces at lists.nottingham.ac.uk] On Behalf Of Francis Gilbert
        Sent: 02 July 2010 09:24
        To: Hoverfly discussion list
        Subject: [Syrphidae] from Mike Bowie

        Hi Folks
        can anybody help with temperature threshold info for syphids to allow
        day-degrees to be to used to model development time of Eristalis,
        Melanostoma and Melangyna species?
        Your help would be much appreciated.

        Mike Bowie
        Senior Technical Officer in Ecology

        Burns B516
        P O Box 84
        Lincoln University 7647
        Christchurch, New Zealand

        p +64 3 3218388 | f +64 3 3253844
        e mike.bowie at lincoln.ac.nz | w www.lincoln.ac.nz

        Lincoln University, Te Whare Wanaka o Aoraki
        New Zealand's Specialist Land Based University

        Dr Francis Gilbert
        (+44)(0)115 951 3215
        BioMAP: www.biomapegypt.org

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